Set point theory of weight

Today we had another fun chat with the coaches!

We discussed

  • Wear and tear on our bikes while on our trainers
  • 5 Tips for Setting Up an Effective Indoor Cycling Space
  • Volume or intensity workouts; which is better?
  • Altitude acclimatization
  • and it was my turn to give the scoop on body set point theory/ optimal body weight and nutrition (starting at 29 minutes in).

Here are some helpful supportive links:…/default/files/set_point_theory.pdf



If you are interested to learn more about your weight and health, or have this assessed using state of the art bioelectrical impedence and supported in your quest to idea health and performance, please fill in the contact form.


Sport nutrition video blogs, podcasts and good stuff

This is the post that you want to read for resources, tips and advice!

Hi all,

Life has been fast and busy, apologies for the hit and miss entries. I have been training persistently and consistently; putting in the ground work under the watchful eye and intuitive guidance of my coach Annchen Clarke in preparation for the coming year and my main races.

I have been throwing my heart and energy into my clients in the clinic, and I have been thoroughly enjoying my involvement with the coaches Ian, Theia, Mitch, and Jason at the Endurance lab.

In the clinic I am moving more into my areas of expertise, I encourage all my clients to shine in their unique and individual ways and it is important that I do also.

So what are my areas? Intuitive medicine and energy healing (your body speaks a unique language and I am good at interpreting this and instead of spouting off a list of A-Z I can tell you the specific ABC that your body needs for health and well-being, balance and optimal performance at that specific moment in time), a whole mind-body-spirit approach to chronic health problems (notably energy, gastrointestinal and immune problems), tailored holistic approach to the care of the athlete and trouble shooting to get you from where you are to where you want to be.

I also work with plant, tree and crystal energies to create healing essences and work with the nudges of the energies of land and people; we are all connected and intertwined and to think that each of us walks alone is daft. Everything is energy, and our energy is connected to everything (person-animal-place).

I am not a meal plan writer, general nutritionist, food and supplement faddist or a calorie cruncher; this type of work is argued left right and centre on the great world of social media, I prefer to see my role as advisor and support, listener and in return giver of answers, guide and educator. You work with me for a while; grow, heal, become empowered and fly off 🙂

We work together on the more complex stuff; I have a lifetime of education and experience and I am here to share what I have with you. Use my time and education; I have many skills and resources to share!

Of course there is also the balance, my boy, my puppy, my ‘me’ time and the great outdoors; the crucial things for health and well-being!

To keep you on your toes, please do check out the recipe section here on this blog (e.g. a recent one), my facebook endurance group and also these video blogs that have gone up lately.


PS Please try to listen to the entire podcast of Coaches Corner; the coaches give invaluable tips so the listen is very much worth it.


So here are tips on how to gain some insights into what fuelling your training sessions may need, which can come from clues about what zone you are training in and for how long you are in these zones.

Consider that your carbohydrate demands of the session are along a sliding scale of intensity – Easy, Endurance Pace, Tempo, (Sweet Spot), Threshold, VO2, multiplied by the time spent in these zones. The longer you are training, or the harder you are training, or the longer and harder you are training the greater the percentage of carbohydrates that you will be oxidising (and hence will need to top up your blood glucose once your liver and glycogen stores start to diminish).

Your fuelling is never an all or nothing between carbs and fat. (We also have the top end anaerobic sprint work that uses a different energy system called the phosphocreatine/ phosphagen system. We never just train there as endurance athletes nor could we for longer than a few seconds, it is worth knowing that this is a different system and it is here that we teach our bodies how to tolerate and recover from lactate generation and the subsequent shift in cellular pH from hydrogen ions). When doing sprint work you must take into context what other work you are doing in this session as it will help dictate your fuelling needs.

At lower intensities you will be oxidising mostly fats with some carbohydrates, and at tempo and threshold (and towards your max) you will be oxidising mostly carbohydrates with some fats and the ratios of these, and where these percentages lie will depend on several factors. It is tricky to know exactly what gram per hour number you are for carbohydrates, so instead of trying to over-science it, learn to listen to what your body is saying and tweak it from there based on getting the basic principles of training fuelling correct while also being cognizant that your body has needs for many other things that we find IN REAL FOOD.

Continue reading

Should I follow a keto diet?

Hello all,

this is a short post containing an audio that I recorded yesterday after watching yet another debate in social media about weight loss and cycling performance and low carbohydrate/ ketogenic diets. Today diet is a battle ground between opinions; the science doesn’t often seem to count for much I am sad to say. That said, we do live in exciting times as more and more interesting studies emerge on who a keto diet may work for, and why a keto diet may not be recommended for most athletes except a few. It may be that the anecodotal stories do hold weight and I for one will never ignore what people share as their personal experience.

Perhaps there is a category of elite persons, normal persons, and those with metabolic issues and we all don’t thrive on the same diet nor perform our best on one prescribed type of diet. Science will always struggle to get into the finer details. So I guess this leaves the hard work down to us as therapists and individual athletes to find what works best for us in terms of health and performance with minimal fuss or extremes.

PLEASE take time to listen before you decide on taking a more drastic dietary approach which may harm your endurance performance and possibly also your gut microbiome health and micronutrient balance, never mind your energy for training at the top end intensities.

The best approach is not always the most drastic approach; often the simple changes done in the long-term create the most influential changes regarding our health and performance. BUT…. this takes time and patience. Something not many have these days. Just like your training, you reap the benefits when you step up your nutrition.


To clarify I believe in utilising a nutrition approach that ebbs and flows the macros across the training cycle.

I believe in optimising our ability to utilise body fat stores and glycogen stores while employing dietary strategies such as carbohydrates to fuel the gaps.

I believe that the correct training is a powerful tool to optimise both metabolic flexibility and fat adaptation and that this can be further enhanced with dietary strategies (end result = performance gains).

I advocate a diet focused on food quality (local, seasonal, minimally processed, and ethically produced) when possible, and centred around increasing micro-nutrient density; i.e. more of the good stuff.

I believe that humans are highly flexible when it comes to carbohydrates, fats, and proteins but that there is a balance that fluctuates around moderate protein, low-moderate natural carbohydrates, some intake of unprocessed fats and well vegetables are so important I almost want to give them their own food group.

I intuitively feel that eating according to where we come from is important. For example, I am Irish and Northern European and the foods indigenous to this location probably suit me better than say those from a hot central hemisphere location.

Most importantly I believe that food should be enjoyed and that the body is so utterly complex that we should avoid getting overly consumed by calorie and maco counting.

Listen to your bodies, nourish you body, respect your body and thank your body for all that it does.


I have linked some articles and papers below that may interest you:

The Ketogenic Diet’s Impact on Body Fat, Muscle Mass, Strength, and Endurance

Low-carbing for endurance: the oxygen problem

Low Fat versus low Carb round 1 Metabolic Advantage

exciting paper! Keto-adaptation enhances exercise performance and body composition responses to training in endurance athletes

Critical analysis of McSwiney et al’s 2017 keto study



Three and a half “Must-Reads”

I am never afraid to give credit where credit is due nor am I afraid to encourage clients to read other people’s amazing work. I see my job in part as not only a source of information, support and guidance but also as a stimulus to client’s education and so I do my best to review and then link on what I believe to be accurate, well-thought out and correctly researched science.

Here are a few recent ‘good-uns’ to enjoy.

John Barardi and his team at Precision Nutrition write excellent articles and here are two (and a half) links that I highly recommend:

  1. Nutrition is not a belief system.
    Why wishful thinking won’t get you results, but science might.

    To read this refreshing article please click this link.

    This is WORD. Of late I am fed up to the eyeballs of people and their OPINIONS on nutrition; social media is a minefield and these days  I am left firefighting science-fiction in my clinic on a daily basis. The big one that gets me is former overweight person turned expert and the only way they know IS THE ONLY way in their opinion…. aghhhhhhhhhhhhhh.
    I am not fat shaming here; please understand this however losing weight does not make you a fully trained and experienced health professional!

    I have 20 years of experience and studies in the bag (degrees and diplomas and numerous fitness, nutritional, functional medicine and medical conferences) and I barely feel I know anything compared to what I don’t know in this fast evolving field.
    I am in awe of those with hardly any training that feel they do know it all; HOW?

    And then we have the celebrity or retired athlete….

    I eat therefore I am a nutrition expert.

    I train therefore I am a coach.

    Really? All I can say is thank goodness that doctors still have to go to college; because the rest of the health and fitness industry is going downhill when you evaluate who is considered expert these days and people without a basis to understand are like flies to the nearest light, running from one diet and false promise to the next and buying book after book. People are utterly confused and thoroughly convinced of each new ‘diet’ or else doggedly stuck in one cultish way of diet/ exercise thinking.

    The body is complex, health is complex, diet and exercise are more than opinion or “just” experience because there is a science to it also: physiology, biochemistry, endocrinology, for example! It may be fine until we have a complex patient, with individual and different needs from the easy ‘norm’, or an athlete that is fatigued or has a health issue. Those without the underpinning science and stuck in their beliefs and emotions about health and fitness are ill-equipped to best advise these individuals which to be honest is everyone as most people aren’t straight forwards. I cannot recommend enough times that you work with an expert. It doesn’t have to be me!

    Please click the link given above for wise words from JB and his team…

  2. Can eating too little actually damage your metabolism?
    Exploring the truths and fallacies of ‘metabolic damage’.

    Follow this link


    “‘Energy in’ is trickier than you think and

    ‘Energy out’ varies a lot from person to person.”

    PN go into excellent detail describing some ‘whys’ which also sheds some light onto why I don’t recommend that clients obsess on counting calories or measuring what they believe is their daily energy expenditure. The best science struggles on this!

    2.5 While reading the above I had a go at the linked body weight calculator for weight loss. I am impressed!  It actually told me off for being light; which I am and this is how I have always been since my twenties and I am healthy and strong and eating well and racing strong and striving to be stronger. I am very impressed by this TRUTH message which may prevent people trying silly weight loss targets 🙂 

  3. The final article is from Myprogramgenerator Coach Freddy Lampret who shares his expert insights into endurance nutrition. There is so much BS out there these days (to be honest an all out war of High Carb Vs Low Carb High Fat and all other extremes) that is highly refreshing to read this article and it is definitely worth a share. Credit to Freddy for doing some strong writing based on science AND experience.

    Click here to download the full article:

Happy reading!



ketogenic diet for endurance athletes??

I have many many opinions on ketogenic diets for ironman and endurance athletes. I will expand this blog at some point with all the why’s about how I believe there is a better way to become your optimal in health and performance without having to go the full keto.

We call the approach I recommend metabolic efficiencyTM (ME), and it incorporates nutritional periodisation of carbohydrates and an overall lower but not no carbohydrate intake while slotting this into the principles of healthy eating for an athlete and taking their training, racing and individual response into account. Its is all about efficiency, fat adaptation, strength AND performance at high intensities. Not just about efficiency in the lower aerobic zones.

I believe this (ME) works without having to go and do the full keto, the latest extreme after high protein, low carb, low-fat and so on and on.

But hey, athletes like extreme and plough straight in before asking questions. Ask yourself this; do you know any ironman podium finishers doing keto diets? I don’t.

We don’t know all the facts about keto, we don’t know the impact on hormones, the adrenals, the incidence of fatigue in high volume training athletes, or how high intensity performance might be affected, or immune cell function in high volume training athletes, or the impact on anabolic processes for example is keto the best strategy for big gear big work on the bike, or strength and hill running sets? I don’t take risks for my athletes when I already have a strategy that works to not only enhance fat adaptation but also encourage strength, power and speed.

No one has compared a healthy periodised nutrition approach (like Metabolically Efficient eating) to a keto approach. Each has only ever been compared to a carbohydrate containing processed food containing diet (which isn’t that healthy and so you are normally going to see a response). Until I have seen a straight head to head I wont be shifting from the more balanced approach.

And FYI most keto diets show reduced power; not what you want either.

However, if you did want a good article to consume, this is good. Is it technically perfect? No. Do they make big claims? Yes. And is it a little one-sided? Yes. Can you achieve what they claim and more without going keto? Yes. But every diet is going to be promoted this way so don’t hold it against keto. For many athletes with genuine pre-diabetic or blood sugar/ insulin problems or metabolic issues like cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome or polycystic ovaries keto may actually be recommended; diet is never a one size fits all. It is about finding what works and generally extreme measure are only needed for extreme cases.

This article is also technically more accurate than others so knock yourself out.

The ironman guide to ketosis

Andrea 🙂

Nutrition advice and resources for triathletes and endurance athletes

Hi folks,

I would like to point you in the direction of this fantastic resource for you all to support you on your journey with food such that you not only become a healthier but also more metabolically efficient athlete in accordance with the principles of Metabolic Efficiency™.


I am a certified Level I Metabolic Efficiency Training Specialist (METS I-HMP) having trained under Dina in Colorado last year. I wrote more about this here on my Kona nutrition blog.

I am not one for reinventing the wheel, if there are resources to help improve your food choices and cooking skills in addition to the resources and education that I provide you with then I am all for it! Bob Seebohar and his team have done just that for you on their website.

This means that my primary role is to be your health educator, advisor, interpreter, and supporter. I evaluate your health in the context of your life and training, I interpret your training and physiological, functional and medical tests into meaningful and practical advice, I support you on a journey from A – where we are to Z – your race goals.

Every athlete is different in respect to their need for and tolerance to carbohydrates and their ability to oxidise fat as a fuel across the various exercise intensities.


It is all good and well to read about low carbohydrate (availability) training and fat adaptation, and high carbohydrate sessions, nutrition periodisation, preparation phase nutrition versus race season, fasted training and so on. But how do you get this right? Without falling ill to coughs and colds, injury niggles, muscle or strength loss, poor recovery or mid to end of season fatigue?


Well this is my job; to guide you through it and achieve your best results. The goal is optimal body composition, strong health, an efficient and flexible metabolism such that you are an efficient fat oxidiser and glycogen sparer across all  intensities and yet are still an efficient carbohydrate oxidiser at race intensities.

It is not just about diet; that is the easy bit – there are a gazillion diet plans out there and yet still so many over-weight, under-performing, over-fatigued and confused athletes.

I trouble shoot nutrition problems, health issues, fatigue, recovery or injury concerns and well take the general and most up to date science and make it relevant and applicable to you as an individual. I should make life easier for you, and nutrition more specific for you. Cut through the bullshit so to speak.

I am more than a nutritional therapist; I also have experience as a trained pharmacist since 1998 and am trained in functional medicine, herbal medicine, and have areas of interest in food, holistic health, hard core sports and health science, energy healing and spiritual mind-body connection, herbs and aromatherapy, chronic fatigue, complex heath issues, gastrointestinal issues, female health problems, hormones and adrenal and thyroid problems. I use ALL these skills when needed.

I look forward to hearing from you.




No tolerance for cheats or drug use in sports


DRUGS IN SPORT, the conversation everyone is having and no one will have properly.

I have been known in my career to have strong opinions and I do; I have just learnt with time that there is no point arguing with closed-minded people and especially closed-minded people in the medical field. So now I do my best to save my energy for where it is needed and keep my trap shut more often now.

There has been a lot of debate in the media of late about performance enhancing drug (PED) use in sports; and also, as always, stories emerging of even more athletes caught out. So I am taking this prompt to add my own opinions on the matter.

I have worked with elite, Olympic and world class athletes for the best part of 13 years and I have never had cause to suspect an athlete. Perhaps my no drug stance has been fair warning to anyone that would consider cheating to prevent them coming to me.


I have an absolutely ZERO TOLERANCE APPROACH TO the use of drugs in sport and a very low tolerance for the overuse of medication in any aspect of health.

It took me a long number of years in my career to understand that for most athletes sport isn’t about the joy and passion of sport, or health. But winning. It took reading a science paper about 10 years ago, that documented that somewhere up to 85% of athletes (don’t quote the number I have a bad memory for numbers; it is the message that is important) would take a performance enhancing drug (PED) if it guaranteed a win despite a serious and even life threatening consequence.

People would die to win?

THAT BELTED IT HOME TO ME, how naive of me to think others do sport for just passion and joy. It’s about ego and winning at all costs for many.

This concept is a little sad to me, but it is what it is. In life there are cheats, and in my book cheats come with a whole dose of lies too, and finger-pointing, and blame, and a complete lack of personal responsibility and accountability. And a disrespect to sport and all other athletes. It is a selfish thing and ruins sport.

When there are publications out there like this; it makes one question humanity and just how far this all goes.

It is tragic that the first question on a person’s mind when someone wins is did they take drugs? I like to give people the benefit of the doubt; and this is becoming increasingly difficult. If Usain Bolt tests positive I don’t know what I will do; I want to hope and dream that someone is winning on talent and hard work.

That normal amateur athletes are cheating in sport these days is a reality that I find hard to swallow. But it’s there. Even in your typical gym you will find yourself in the free weights section beside a conversation on drugs. I know because I am not dumb. I spent years in a gym doing strength work, I know what goes on, I have been in those conversations but I will not ever accept a client that creates any questions in my mind. It is good to have your eyes open all the same. Drugs in amateur sports happens, drug use in every day gym goers is a reality, drug use in youths involved in sports and body-building is becoming an issue…..

The statistics on triathletes did shock me detailing the high use of medication and drugs use within and around competition. I think most of us will agree that the consumption of banned substances constitutes cheating. However not everyone will agree with my views regarding racing on pain medications. I refuse point-blank to work with an athlete taking questionable products in or out of season. When painkillers are in question then it’s worth an honest chat; I’m on your side but perhaps we have options. Turmeric for example is a more potent painkiller than ibuprofen without risks.


If you let me explain my reasoning regarding pain medication then perhaps you will understand my stance better. I am charged with giving you honest advice about what science says in relation to health and performance. The nature of who I am will also see past just the finish line when it comes to your health. My views on pain medications may not be in concurrence with everyone’s beliefs; but do correlate with the best of my knowledge in science and as up to date as I can be.

Pain is a sign that something is not right in the body; quite simply pain is information. If you race numbing the pain by use of a medication you risk creating significant damage and perhaps longer term harm. That may result in far more time off training and competition that you asked for.

Furthermore NSAIDS may hinder bone healing and  cartilage regeneration (also here) and increase scar tissue formation in the healing phase. The evidence isn’t clear-cut but from my experience as a pharmacist there is never smoke without a fire and cause for me to warrant advising only the limited use of NSAIDs when appropriate. So there may be multiple risks when you head out and race while medicating pain. And finally, more worrying for the endurance and ultra endurance athletes, there is concerns over the association between NSAIDs and Exercise Associated Hyponatraemia; a serious and often life-threatening condition.

To me health as well as clean sport is important because you need health to perform optimally!

kona mass start

Kona World Championships swim start

I applaud the professionals and amateur athletes speaking out strongly against drugs in sport; we need more ambassadors in sports demanding change. (read here about one such athlete Sam Gyde; and also Jodie Swallow, James Cunnama and more.)

Gone are the days of innocent until proven guilty in sport; I think people have become so skeptical that it deeply saddens me. But honest athletes should stand tall and proud and with integrity to their truth. The truth eventually comes out. Don’t waste your energy fighting battles you cannot win, but do stand up for what you believe in and bring your message to those that count; the youth athletes of today and tomorrow.

Just how much one cheat can bring down everyone around them has been something I am less naive on and I was given a great reminder of this last week. I have never to the best of my knowledge, nor will I ever, associate my personal and professional life with any athlete, friend, or family member that has or is taking drugs to cheat. No question I will not work with anyone that creates any doubt in my mind and in honesty the only thing I have to go by is intuition; and being a highly sensitive person I can strongly feel what is going on in the body of a client.

There are two reasons I refuse to work with anyone that raises any suspicions about being a clean athlete.

  1. I am the one of the first ones that the finger can be pointed at in blame for a failed drugs test (e.g. if I have recommended that someone take whey protein) and especially if any laws change to remove absolute responsibility from the athlete. I have worked 20 years on a reputation as someone with honesty, integrity, and independence. I won’t even affiliate with a sports nutrition company no matter how much they may wish to pay me. My opinion is my own; always has been and always will be….. loved ones know that there is no telling me once my mind is made up!Coaches are in the firing line too.As best as I can, and I go to great lengths, I am VERY strict on supplement brand quality. I don’t even let artificial sugars in them and I sure as hell demand that when possible they have been screened in a WADA approved/ informed sports lab for sports nutrition products (and for health products a facility with very strong GMP and SOP and certificates of analysis and purity). There are no guarantees; so we have to do our homework here as best as is possible. It is frustrating that athletes must pay more to use these products; but an expense that is worth it.

    Education and experience has seen me return to food as the best approach with limited use of supplements. Supplements are an industry too and any industry standing to make profits is full of lies and deceit and sometimes dubious quality control; this is where my education comes to the fore. I know science, I know medicine and I know pharmacy; I try to always have a good bullshit radar.

    Even chicken breasts stuffed with hormones have been known to spike blood levels of unwanted substances; so you always must be mindful of what goes in your mouth, up your nose (nasal sprays), on your body (skin absorption) and in your water. For me that is a health first reason, but for athletes they should be always thinking about more.


  2.  I don’t believe in cheating.Cheats should be exposed publicly and dealt with strictly. I don’t believe that athletes that have cheated should be permitted to compete again, in any competitive sport.Yes in real life people can change, yes they can show us that they are different people after making mistakes. But cheating isn’t a mistake it is DELIBERATE CHOICE and it is a slap in the face to all the athletes racing clean. Lifetime ban across all sports.

    How you monitor this, how you catch cheats and the mess that is the cheats Versus the catchers is a political and financial and a debate I don’t want to get in to. I am not adequately qualified and far too naive a person…. drugs in sports is a problem that runs very deep a bit like a rotten apple to the core.

What I do know, with a degree in pharmacy is that those cheating lie in two categories – pun intended – 1. they don’t know what they are doing and are taking great risks and – 2. they have a sophisticated and qualified team of experts around them all involved in the lies and cheating. Equally dangerous, harder to catch.

All drugs come with a consequence.


A few that spring to mind when it comes to sport:

1. SIDE-EFFECTS for the athlete.

In my life I have a strong view on the use of medications “Avoid unless necessary” (like life-saving necessary). Medication messes people up in general, I see vaccine damaged teenagers in the clinic, persons with more side effects than benefits, the list goes on and on.

Even an antibiotic impacts an athlete negatively in their gut microbiome and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory pain killers (NSAIDs) impact cartilage repair and when taken during a race NSAIDs increase the chance of exercise associated hyponatraemia, a potentially fatal form of over-hydration and electrolyte imbalance.

For me I don’t believe that the medical system is built on truths about how the body works; and I have the same view on PEDS, they come with side-effects. Short and long-term my opinion is no no and no.

2. Don’t start me on the DRUGS BLACK MARKET; injections with a side of mercury, aluminium, plastics and fillers? Cheap fillers in tablets? No thanks. The drug market is an industry trying to profit from low costs and high margins; I don’t trust it as far as I could throw a shot putter. I am not sure that the legit market is any better. When you work as a pharmacist you are dealing with drug recalls frequently.


3. The body is a delicate balance of simply astonishing metabolic, hormonal and chemical messaging functions; drugs impact this delicate balance and often with unknown long-term consequences. Clinical studies are in my opinion grossly lacking in catching the longer-term and more subtle and sometimes serious side effects. Consider Thalidomide, Vioxx, Fen-Phen (and other weight loss drugs and cardiovascular effects), the great cholesterol con (watch this space), the anti-malarial Larium (another one to watch; for example), and soon our HPV vaccine and a growing list of serious adverse events; the lists grow daily.

4. THE MESSAGE to your children, colleagues, the next generation of athletes…. just what are you saying when you take drugs to cheat? When does a 14-year-old start taking drugs when this is what they see as a necessary to win? What psychological messages are we giving about a win at all costs attitude? What about decent morals and ethics… has the world really gone too far now?

Performance enhancing drug use in youth athletes and teens in school is a very real and serious problem, with very worrying as of yet not fully known long-term health effects.

Reports from China of late are VERY worrying concerning youth athletes; extending as far as concerns about genetic doping never mind documented state-sponsored doping.

Teens and youth athletes bodies are still developing; what exactly happens when you introduce PEDs into their growing and developing bodies?

If we are impacting growth patterns and hormones are we looking at cancer and long-term hormone imbalances or worse still sudden cardiac deaths, cardiovascular problems, disrupted bone and growth patterns, serious hormonally related health symptoms and infertility?


5. I have no respect for a cheat: zero, nil, nada…..

I have a strong belief that IF you do all the jigsaw pieces correctly that you can optimize your sports genetics and play on a level field with the cheats; if not more.

Epigenetics are the turning on and off of genes by environment; eat the correct balance of essential nutrients, train smartly, rest completely, ease stress in your life, limit environmental anti-nutrients and toxin exposures and optimise hormone balance through natural strategies and you can reap massive improvements in sports capability.


I know because I see this in the athletes that I work with. THIS IS THE HARDER APPROACH AND SO WORTH IT. HARD WORK THAT CHEATS CLEARLY AREN’T PREPARED TO INVEST IN THEIR SPORTS. Then add in the power of the mind and cognitive strategies to your sports and see where this takes you……


I am sure I have more thoughts but right now I am starting to feel a little too emotional about it all…….

Rio 2016 will be interesting; but I cannot even trust the who is caught and who isn’t these days. The whole thing is tainted in my mind. sad:-(

Further reading: